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66 Universals of Culture

Cultural universals are practices, activities, and/or beliefs that all societies have developed in order to help humans meet basic human or societal needs or adapt to their environment

age-grading

community organisation

cooking

cooperative labour

cosmology

courtship

dancing

decorative art

divination

division of labour

dream interpretation

education

eschatology

ethics

ethno-botany

etiquettte

faith healing

family feasting

fire-making

folklore

food taboos

funeral rites

games

gestures

gift-giving

government

greetings

hair styles

hospitality

housing

hygiene

incest taboos

inheritance rules

joking

kin groups

kinship nomenclature

language

law

luck superstitions

magic

marriage

mealtimes

medicine

obstetrics

penal sanctions

personal names

population policy

postnatal care

pregnancy usages

property rights

propitiation of supernatural beings

puberty customs

religious ritual

presicence rules

sexual restrictions

soul concepts

status differentiation

surgery

tool-making

trade

visiting

weather control

weaving

SOURCE
George P. Murdock (The Common Denominator of Cultures in The Science of Man in the World Crisis, edited by Ralph Linton, New York: Columbia University Press; 1945: 123-142) identified a list of cultural universals.  (Quoted by Edward O Wilson, Consilience

 

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